Want to lower your carbon footprint and potentially lower your energy costs? Our energy efficiency quiz can help you discover which appliance to use when.
And the answers are:
Answer: Crockpot — mostly.
Part of the answer depends on the form of energy your oven uses. It also depends a bit on where you live. Gas, for instance, is generally cheaper than electricity. So if you have a gas oven, using a slow cooker or crockpot could save you more money than if you have a electric oven. Generally the further north you live — sorry New Englanders! — the higher your per kilowatt hour charge.
The answer here falls a little along similar lines to the oven/crockpot debate. Efficient microwaves can use from 40-80% less energy than conventional ovens, depending on the make and of course the age of your oven. Added bonus? In warm weather, a microwave won’t heat up your kitchen.
Want to know more? Check out this handy chart from www.consumerenergycenter.org that breaks down cooking times for these appliances and more.
|Electric Oven||350||1 hour||2.0 kWh||$.16|
|Electric Convection Oven||325||45 minutes||1.39 kWh||$.11|
|Gas Oven||350||1 hour||.112 therm||$.07|
|Electric Frying Pan||420||1 hour||.9 KWh||$.07|
|Toaster Oven||425||50 minutes||.95 kWh||$.08|
|Electric Crockpot||200||7 hours||.7 kWh||$.06|
|Microwave Oven||“High”||15 minutes||.36 kWh||$.03|
We turned to Michael Bluejay, aka Mr. Electricity, for the answer here. According to him, a window AC unit uses 500-1400 watts of electricity, while a floor fan uses only 100 watts on the highest speed. A ceiling fan, meanwhile, uses 15-90 watts, depending on the speed and size. So the electricity winner here is clearly the fan.
Answer: LCD TV
The short answer here is LCD, according to Bluejay. But the answer is more complicated because there are actually five kinds of TVs to consider. (Who knew?) And when it comes to TVs and energy use, size matters.
According to Bluejay, DLP TVs, sometimes called projection TVs, are the ones to purchase if you’re interested in 50”+ television. They are energy efficient at that size and often provide a better picture than an LCD TV of comparable size. He recommends getting a DLP TV that has an LED light source, which will use even less energy. The bulb will also last longer.
Least energy efficient TV, according to Bluejay? Plasma TVs. While they may produce the best picture (highest contrast, deepest blacks), they use the most energy, Bluejay says.
Short answer, according to Bluejay, is a laptop. This is probably not a surprise to you. He says a typical desktop computer uses about 65-250 watts. An LCD monitor takes about 20-40 watts. In contrasts, most laptops uses 15-60 watts, according to Bluejay.
The key to saving electricity may be more about what happens when you’re not using your computer than when you’re typing away, says Bluejay. Making sure your computer goes into sleep/standby mode when you’re not using can help save a little energy. He recommends setting your computer to auto-sleep after 15 minutes of inactivity.
Energy Star estimates that both the sleep and hibernation modes can save you $25-$75 per year. Turn off the monitor, too, and you’ll save a little more.
Answer: LED light bulb
First of all, replacing your traditional incandescent light bulbs with either one of these is a good step toward energy savings. Both are more energy efficient. CFLs use 25-35% less energy than incandescent bulbs while Bluejay reports that widespread use of LEDs could save the U.S. the equivalent electrical output of 44 large electric power plants.
But in the which-is-more-energy-efficient category, LEDs come out slightly ahead. Bluejay breaks it down in this handy chart.
|Incandescent vs. CFL vs. LED|
|Cost over 25,000 hours (bulbs + electricity)||$246||$66||$42|
|Cost for one 60-watt equivalent bulb||$0.37||$1.24||$1.99|
|Cost over 25,000 hours (bulbs only)||$6||$6||$2|
|Cost over 25,000 hours (electricity only)||$240||$60||$40|
|Life (in hours)||1500||5000||25,000|
|Life reduced by cycling on/off||A wee bit||A little bit||Not at all|
|Light output over its life||Constant||~70% of initial brightness
by end of life (30% drop)
Answer: Front-loading washing machine
This is a close energy race, with the final choice perhaps ending with whether you mind bending to load your laundry (front-loader) versus just tossing those dirty clothes in from the top. For the record, HE stands for high efficiency — which means washing machines in general have improved a lot in terms of the energy they require.
Front-loaders, though, typically have a greater tub capacity. This means you can run fewer loads to clean the same amount of laundry. Front-loading washing machines also tend to remove more water during the spin cycles, which in turn means less energy is needed to dry the clothes, assuming you’re using a clothes dryer. If you air dry, all things are equal obviously. Top-loading washing machines also use more energy to agitate the clothing.
Answer: Top-mount refrigerator/freezer
Of the many appliances in a home, the fridge reigns at or near the top of the energy consumers. The non-profit Consumer Energy Center notes that the fridge uses 13.7% of a home’s energy, the largest energy user behind an air conditioner, which uses 16%.
Not all fridges, however, are created equal. Top-mount models use 10-30% less energy generally than comparable side-by-side models, according to the center.
If you are in the market for a new fridge, the center recommends considering skipping the icemaker and dispenser. These through-the-door amenities do reduce the need to open the door, which in turn makes the fridge require less energy to maintain a constant temperature. The icemaker also increases a refrigerator’s energy use by 14-20%.
Also fridges with anti-sweat heaters use more energy too, anywhere from 5-10%, according to the center. Instead look for a model that has an energy saver switch that allows you to turn down or off the heating coils that prevent condensation.
Answer: Gas dryer
The energy winner here is the gas dryer, according to the Consumer Energy Center. True, all clothes dryers use some electricity. Electricity powers the drums that tumble the clothes. Where the potential savings comes in is with the energy that heats the air drying the clothes. It’s here that natural gas is the winner.
According to the Consumer Energy Center, gas dryers use a gas burner to produce heat while electric dryers use heating coils. Since natural gas is often cheaper than electricity, gas-operated dryers typically cost less to operate. They also tend to run at a hotter temperature, which can mean it takes less time to dry those clothes.
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